About Ghana

Akwaaba, you will often hear this word or other words of welcome when you are in Ghana. Ghanaians are welcoming in nature and among the world’s friendliest people. Currently, urbanization and westernization are breaking down many ancients’ beliefs and practices; however, Ghanaians are still maintaining their traditional African culture with great pride from ancient times to the present.

Ghana is a country in West Africa. Independent from Britain since 1957, Ghana is one of five African nations along the northern coastline of the Gulf of Guinea. It is bordered on the west by Cote d’Ivoire, on the north by Burkina Faso, on the east by Togo and the Gulf of Guinea to the south. The word Ghana means “Warrior King” and is derived from the ancient Ghana Empire. The country consists mostly of low-lying savannah regions.

Ghana is a tropical country, with moderate temperatures, averaging 21-32 C, sunshine and constant breezes. There are two rainy seasons, from march-July and from September-October. August is a short dry spell and a longer one is between mid-October-March. The south of the country experiences the heaviest rainfall during September. The population is a mosaic of ethnic groups and religions.

The majority of ethnic groups are the Akans, the Ewe, the Ga-Adangbe, the Mole-Dagbani, the Guan and the Gurma, with Christian (43%), Animists (38%) and 12% are Muslims. Ghana is truly a multi-cultural country. As a volunteer you should strive to observe, listen and learn the culture of your host country. Therefore, you should always remain observant and non-judgemental.

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